Which Day is the SABBATH DAY?


Our home keeps the Biblical Seventh Day Sabbath in obedience to the Fourth Commandment of God. We are not a “Christian” cult or Seventh Day Adventists.  There is not one verse or scripture in the Bible that changes the Holy Day of rest to the First day of the week, not one! When cult members come to your front door and claim that their group has and teaches only the truth of the Bible, you may ask if they keep the seventh day Sabbath ot keep the first day of the week as their Sabbath? The Bible Scriptures never endorse any such change from day 7 to day 1 of the week. The change of the Shabbat was done by the Catholic Roman Emperor and First Pope, Constantine the First in his edict of 321AD and later confirmed by the Catholic Church many times in history! The Catholic Popes claim for themselves authority that is ABOVE Scripture according to their own admission in the Church Catechisms.

The BIBLE says:

Exodus 20: 8-11, the FOURTH COMMANDMENT of YHWH GOD

“Remember the day, Shabbat, to set it apart for God. You have six days to labor and do all your work, but the seventh day is a Shabbat for Adonai your God. On it, you are not to do any kind of work — not you, your son or your daughter, not your male or female slave, not your livestock, and not the foreigner staying with you inside the gates to your property. For in six days, Adonai made heaven and earth, the sea and everything in them; but on the seventh day he rested. This is why Adonai blessed the day, Shabbat, and separated it for himself. (This is the longest commandment)

Deuteronomy 5: 12-15, on the FOURTH COMMANDMENT of YHWH GOD

“‘Observe the day of Shabbat, to set it apart as holy, as Adonai your God ordered you to do. You have six days to labor and do all your work, but the seventh day is a Shabbat for Adonai your God. On it you are not to do any kind of work — not you, your son or your daughter, not your male or female slave, not your ox, your donkey or any of your other livestock, and not the foreigner staying with you inside the gates to your property — so that your male and female servants can rest just as you do. You are to remember that you were a slave in the land of Egypt, and Adonai your God brought you out from there with a strong hand and an outstretched arm. Therefore Adonai your God has ordered you to keep the day of Shabbat. (The second witness)

Deuteronomy 4:1-10 on OBEDIENCE to the COMMANDMENTS of YHWH GOD

Now, Isra’el, listen to the laws and rulings I am teaching you, in order to follow them, so that you will live; then you will go in and take possession of the land that Adonai, the God of your fathers, is giving you. In order to obey the mitzvot of Adonai your God which I am giving you, do not add to what I am saying, and do not subtract from it. You saw with your own eyes what Adonai did at Ba‘al-P‘or, that Adonai destroyed from among you all the men who followed Ba‘al-P‘or; but you who stuck with Adonai your God are still alive today, every one of you. Look, I have taught you laws and rulings, just as Adonai my God ordered me, so that you can behave accordingly in the land where you are going in order to take possession of it. Therefore, observe them; and follow them; for then all peoples will see you as having wisdom and understanding. When they hear of all these laws, they will say, ‘This great nation is surely a wise and understanding people.’ For what great nation is there that has God as close to them as Adonai our God is, whenever we call on him? What great nation is there that has laws and rulings as just as this entire Torah which I am setting before you today? Only be careful, and watch yourselves diligently as long as you live, so that you won’t forget what you saw with your own eyes, so that these things won’t vanish from your hearts. Rather, make them known to your children and grandchildren — the day you stood before Adonai your God at Horev, when Adonai said to me, ‘Gather the people to me, and I will make them hear my very words, so that they will learn to hold me in awe as long as they live on earth, and so that they will teach their children.’”


“He will speak words against the Most High and try to exhaust the holy ones of the Most High. He will attempt to alter the seasons and the law (of GOD); and [the holy ones] will be handed over to him for a time, times and half a time.”

Daniel 7:25 refers to the observance of the Sabbath and the Holy Torah Feast Days of YHWH God. The Bible also makes it clear that the Fourth Beast who changes these sacred times and seasons of God, is Rome. The following statements made by Roman Catholic theologians show that the Roman Catholic Church regards its changing of the Bibles Sabbath to Sunday to be the ‘proof’ or ‘mark’ if you will of its extrabiblical Supersessionist authority.

Roman Emperor CONSTANTINE First Edict of March 7, 321AD

“Let all the judges and towns people, and the occupation of all trades rest ON THE VENERABLE DAY OF THE SUN: but let those who are situated in the country, freely and at full liberty attend to the business of agriculture: because it often happens that no other day is so fit for sowing corn and planting vines: lest, the critical moment let slip, men should lose the commodities granted by heaven.”

(The Book of Facts, by H. M. Rouff, p. 542), noted, “The FIRST law, either ecclesiastical or civil, by which the Sabbatical observance of Sunday is known to have been ordained, is the Edict of Constantine, A. D. 321.”

Chamber’s Encyclopedia says this:
Unquestionably the first law, either ecclesiastical or civil, by which the Sabbatical observance of that Day is known to have been ordained, is the edict of Constantine, 321 A.D.

Following this initial legislation, both emperors and Popes in succeeding centuries added other laws to strengthen Sunday observance. What began as a pagan ordinance ended as a Christian regulation. Close on the heels of the Edict of Constantine followed the Catholic Church Council of Laodicea
(Circa 364 AD):

Christians shall not Judaize and be idle on Saturday (Sabbath), but shall work on that Day: but the Lord’s Day, they shall especially honour; and as being Christians, shall, if possible, do no work on that day. If however, they are found Judaizing, they shall be shut out from Christ.

Protestants follow Constantine and NOT the Bible!

A. “By the very act of changing the Sabbath into Sunday, which Protestants allow of; and therefore they fondly contradict themselves, by keeping Sunday strictly, and breaking most other feasts commanded by the same Church.” (Henry Turberville, An Abridgement of the Christian Doctrine, New York: P.J. Kennedy, 1833, pg 58)

Q. “How prove you that the Roman (Catholic) Church hath power to command feasts and holy days?”

A. “Had she not such power, she could not have done that which all modern religionists agree with her — she could not have substituted the observance of Sunday, the FIRST DAY of the week, for the observance of Saturday, the SEVENTH DAY, a change for which there is NO Scriptural authority.” (Stephen Keenan: A Doctrinal Catechism, 3rd Am. ed., rev.; New York: T.W. Strong, late Edward Dunigen & Bros., 1876, pg 174).

“The Pope has power to change times, to abrogate laws, and to dispense with all things, even the precepts of Christ.”
(Decretal, de Tranlantic Episcop., cited in A. Jan Marcussen, National Sunday Law: Thompsonville, IL: Amazing Truth Publ., 1983, pg 32)

The Catholic Encyclopedia tells us:

These and similar indications show that during the first three centuries practice and tradition had consecrated the Sunday to the public worship of God by the hearing of the Mass and the resting from work. With the opening of the fourth century positive legislation, both ecclesiastical and civil, began to make these duties more definite. The Council of Elvira (300) decreed: “If anyone in the city neglects to come to church for three Sundays, let him be excommunicated for a short time so that he may be corrected” (xxi). In the Apostolic Constitutions, which belong to the end of the fourth century, both the hearing of the Mass and the rest from work are prescribed, and the precept is attributed to the Apostles. The express teaching of Christ and St. Paul prevented the early Christians from falling into the excesses of Jewish Sabbatarianism in the observance of the Sunday, and yet we find St. Cæsarius of Arles in the sixth century teaching that the holy Doctors of the Church had decreed that the whole glory of the Jewish Sabbath had been transferred to the Sunday, and that Christians must keep the Sunday holy in the same way as the Jews had been commanded to keep holy the Sabbath Day. He especially insisted on the people hearing the whole of the Mass and not leaving the church after the Epistle and the Gospel had been read. He taught them that they should come to Vespers and spend the rest of the day in pious reading and prayer. As with the Jewish Sabbath, the observance of the Christian Sunday began with sundown on Saturday and lasted till the same time on Sunday. Until quite recent times some theologians taught that there was an obligation under pain of venial sin of assisting at vespers as well as of hearing Mass, but the opinion rests on no certain foundation and is now commonly abandoned. The common opinion maintains that, while it is highly becoming to be present at Vespers on Sunday, there is no strict obligation to be present. The method of reckoning the Sunday from sunset to sunset continued in some places down to the seventeenth century, but in general since the Middle Ages the reckoning from midnight to midnight has been followed. When the parochial system was introduced, the laity were taught that they must hear Mass and the preaching of the Word of God on Sundays in their parish church. However, toward the end of the thirteenth century, the friars began to teach that the precept of hearing Mass might be fulfilled by hearing it in their churches, and after long and severe struggles this was expressly allowed by the Holy See. Nowadays, the precept may be fulfilled by hearing Mass in any place except a strictly private oratory, and provided Mass is not celebrated on a portable altar by a privilege which is merely personal.

The obligation of rest from work on Sunday remained somewhat indefinite for several centuries. A Council of Laodicea, held toward the end of the fourth century, was content to prescribe that on the Lord’s Day the faithful were to abstain from work as far as possible. At the beginning of the sixth century St. Caesarius, as we have seen, and others showed an inclination to apply the law of the Jewish Sabbath to the observance of the Christian Sunday. The Council held at Orléans in 538 reprobated this tendency as Jewish and non-Christian. From the eight century the law began to be formulated as it exists at the present day, and the local councils forbade servile work, public buying and selling, pleading in the law courts, and the public and solemn taking of oaths. There is a large body of civil legislation on the Sunday rest side by side with the ecclesiastical. It begins with an Edict of Constantine, the first Christian emperor, who forbade judges to sit and townspeople to work on Sunday. He made an exception in favour of agriculture. The breaking of the law of Sunday rest was punished by the Anglo-Saxon legislation in England like other crimes and misdemeanours. After the Reformation, under Puritan influence, many laws were passed in England whose effect is still visible in the stringency of the English Sabbath. Still more is this the case in Scotland. There is no federal legislation in the United States on the observance of the Sunday, but nearly all the states of the Union have statutes tending to repress unnecessary labour and to restrain the liquor traffic. In other respects the legislation of the different states on this matter exhibits considerable variety. On the continent of Europe in recent years there have been several laws passed in direction of enforcing the observance of Sunday rest for the benefit of workmen.


VILLIEN, Hist. Des commandements de l’Église (Paris, 1909); DUBLANCHY in Dict. de theol. cathol., s.v. DIMANCHE (Paris, 1911); SLATER, Manual of Moral Theology (New York, 1908); the moral theologians generally.

Citation. Slater, T. (1912). Sunday. In The Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.

Quote from Catholic sources: “The Roman Catholic Church accepts that, “The New Testament texts offer no sufficient basis for papal primacy” and that they contain “no explicit record of a transmission of Peter’s leadership.” It considers that its doctrine has a developmental history and that its teaching about matters such as the Trinity, the divinity of Christ, and the union of his two natures in a single person developed as the result of drawing out from the original revealed truth consequences that were not obvious at first: “Thanks to the assistance of the Holy Spirit, the understanding of both the realities and the words of the heritage of faith is able to grow in the life of the Church ‘through the contemplation and study of believers who ponder these things in their hearts’; it is in particular ‘theological research [which] deepens knowledge of revealed truth'”. Accordingly, it would be a mistake to expect to find the modern fully developed doctrine of papal primacy in the first centuries, thereby failing to recognize the Church’s historical reality. The figure of the pope as leader of the worldwide church developed over time, as the figure of the bishop as leader of the local church seems to have appeared later than in the time of the apostles. The Pope, speaking ‘Ex Cathedra’ generated many ‘Bulls’ and other documents upholding the ‘Sunday laws’ of Catholicism and its ‘Wayward Daughter’, Protestantism which dutifully upholds and defends the Sunday laws of Rome.”


Assembled, edited and comments by Rabbi James and Erlene Talbott, Yeshua HaTikvah Yisrael ministries




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